Crisia LI, Supliment nr. 1, 2021
Vocație și devotament profesional
Studii în onoarea lui
Aurel Chiriac la 70 de ani
LUCRĂRI OMAGIALE / HOMAGE PAPERS
1. Răzvan THEODORESCU
AUREL CHIRIAC LA 70 DE ANI
2. Marius PORUMB
AUREL CHIRIAC LA CEAS ANIVERSAR
3. Ligia FULGA
IN HONOREM AUREL CHIRIAC – 70
4. Sever DUMITRAȘCU
AUREL CHIRIAC – O FAMILIE FRUMOASĂ
5. Adriana RUGE, Ioana GHERGHEL
AUREL CHIRIAC. REPERE BIO-BIBLIOGRAFICE
AUREL CHIRIAC. BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY MARKS
The present work has a bio-bibliographical feature as it contains the most important aspects of Professor Aurel Chiriac’s personal and professional life, a curator, and art historian and researcher. The study concludes with a list including the most relevant scientific achievements of Aurel Chiriac (books, studies, research projects, exhibitions, conferences, etc.).
Keywords: Aurel Chiriac, bio-bibliography, Oradea, Țării Crișurilor Museum, University of Oradea
ARHEOLOGIE – ISTORIE / ARCHAEOLOGY – HISTORY
1. Marian TRANDAFIR
UN TOPOR DE PIATRĂ DIN NEOLITIC DESCOPERIT LA CALEA MARE, JUD. BIHOR
A NEOLITHIC STONE AX DISCOVERED IN CALEA MARE, BIHOR COUNTY
In the course of an agricultural works in the borders of the village Calea Mare, Lăzăreni commune, a trapezoidal stone ax from Neolithic was found. Insteresting is that in the area of the commune were discovered, over the time, three more Neolithic stone axes which could issue the hypothesis of the existence of a Neolithic settlement in the area.
Keywords: Lăzăreni, Calea Mare, Neolithic, stone ax, dacite
2. FECHETE-PORSZTNER Kitti
ORADEA ÎN EVUL MEDIU TIMPURIU PRIN PRISMA MATERIALELOR ARHEOLOGICE DESCOPERITE
ORADEA IN THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES IN TERMS OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL MATERIALS DISCOVERED
In my study, I have collected the archaeological finds known so far, which belong to the past of the early medieval city of Oradea in the present sense. During construction works performed in several parts of the city at the end of the 19th century and the beginning and middle of the 20th century, treasures from the 11th and 13th centuries were discovered. Archaeological excavations were carried out in the 1930s and 1960s, when a cemetery detail and a medieval settlement were discovered. We attempted to summarize these archaeological data.
Keywords: Early Middle Ages, archeological excavation, treasury, graves, location
3. Ioan-Aurel POP, Alexandru SIMON
A DOUA CĂDERE A CETĂȚII ALBE
STEPHEN THE GREAT AND CETATEA ALBĂ AT THE END OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY
In May 1498, Pope Alexander VI Borgia reached out to Joanna, the daughter of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, and the wife of Philipp, the son of Maximilian I of Habsburg, King of the Romans (though the pope made no reference to the latter two). Alexander VI urged Joanna to aid dilecti filii nobilis viri Iohannis Polo de Albo Castro, filii principis Balachie. With great delay and against most odds, but with the support of pii Christi fideles, Ioannes Polo had ransomed himself, as well as his brother, from Ottoman captivity, in which, however, their mother and their three sisters were still held, ever since Bayezid II had conquered Cetatea Albă in 1484. The pope called for Joanna’s support, and through her for the aid of the Christian princes, for their release. This came at a most untimely moment for the former lord of Cetatea Albă, Stephen the Great of Moldavia, and his ally, Maximilian I of Habsburg. They had just defeated the Jagiellonian royal brothers, John Albert of Poland and Wladislaw II of Hungary and Bohemia. Following this victory, ensured by the support of Bayezid II, Stephen’s Muslim suzerain and Maximilian’s recent imperial partner, Joanna’s father-in-law had requested earlier, in February 1498, a reformation of Europe. The request had been duly conveyed to Joanna’s parents by their Spanish ambassador at the Habsburg court in Innsbruck.
Keywords: Alexander VI, Ioannes Polo, Stephen the Great, Christendom, Ottoman Empire
4. Florina CIURE
CARTE ITALIANĂ (SEC. XVIII) LA MUZEUL „ȚĂRII CRIȘURILOR” DIN ORADEA
ITALIAN BOOKS (18TH CENTURY) AT “ȚĂRII CRIȘURILOR” MUSEUM FROM ORADEA
This paper presents the books printed in Italy, housed today at “Țării Crișurilor” Museum. There are especially religious books, printed in Latin in the 18th Century. For example, the collection includes the books: Ludovico Antonio Muratori, Rerum italicarum scriptores (22 volumes published in Milano between 1723 and 1731); Augustin Calmet, Dictionarium historicum della santa scrittura (Lucca, 1725), Prolegomena et dissertationes in omnes, et singulos S. Scriptura libros (Lucca, 1729) and Commentarius literalis in omnes libros veteris et novi Testamenti (9 volumes published between 1730-1738); Tobias Lohner, Instructio practica de confesionibus, rite, ac fructuoase excipiendis (Padua, 1731); Luc D’Achery, Jean Mobillon, Acta sanctorum ordinis S. Benedicti in saeculorum classes distributa (9 volumes publishes in Venice between 1733 and 1738); Jean Mabillon, Annales ordinis S. Benedicti (6 volumes published between 1739 and 1745) Horae Diurnae Breviarii Romani (Venice, 1744); Pierre Annat, Apparatus ad positivam theologiam methodicus, (Venice, 1744); Andreæ Naugerii patricii Veneti oratoris et poetæ clarissimi Opera omnia: quæ quidem magna adhibita diligentia colligi potuerunt (Venice, 1754); Honoré Tournély, Praelectiones theologicae de gratia christi, tomus secundus, tertius and quartus (Venice, 1755); Vincent Houdry, Bibliotheca concionatoria etnices christianae praecipua continens argumenta, ordine alphabetico digesta, tomus primus, quartus and quintus (Venice, 1764); Missale romanum ex decreto sacrosancti concilii tridentini restitutum (Venice, 1772); Gabriel Antoine, Theologia moralis universa (Venice, 1792); Paulini Chelucci a S. Josepho Lucensis, Orationes habitae in eodem Archigymnasio Accessit ejusdem Vita & index rerum Jo: Erhardo Kappio Auctore (Venice, 1795).
Keywords: Italy, Oradea, “Țării Crișurilor” Museum, old books, 18th Century
5. Sorin ȘIPOȘ
VIAGGIATORI STRANIERI NEI PRINCIPATI ROMENI E MEZZI DI TRASPORTO UTILIZZATI (1710-1810)
FOREIGN TRAVELERS IN THE ROMANIAN PRINCIPALITIES AND THE MEANS OF TRAVEL THEY USED (1710-1810)
The foreign travelers chose their preferred means of transport through the Romanian Principalities depending on their direction of entry and on their financial possibilities. If the entry into the Principalities was made by crossing the Danube or another water course located on the border, the voyagers used boats, skiffs or ferries. If, on the contrary, they entered the country on land, then this was done by stagecoach, carriage, on horse or on foot (in mountainous areas, due to the precarious and undeveloped road networks). It was much more dangerous to cross from Transylvania to the Romanian Principalities, and maybe this is the reason why few descriptions of the passes that connect these two countries were kept. However, probably the most important thing is that most of the travelers’ descriptions of their experiences when crossing the Carpathian Mountains are marked by emotional intensity. High-ranking figures coming to the Romanian Principalities, considering the number of voyagers who left accounts, were few and enjoyed the princes’ support. The crossing of the country, generally speaking, and of the border, in particular, became true displays of force, meant to show the power of the country the travelers came from. In extraordinary situations, even if one possessed all the modern means of travel, in the case of floods or snowfalls, or when crossing the Carpathian passes, the peregrines’ situation could get very complicated, their accounts reflecting the emotions they felt during those moments.
Keywords: Romanian Principalities, foreign travellers, voyagers, Transylvania, Carpathians, means of transport
6. Ioan CIORBA
IMPLICAȚIILE REVOLUȚIEI FRANCEZE ȘI ALE RĂZBOAIELOR NAPOLEONIENE ASUPRA BIHORULUI
THE EFFECTS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND THE NAPOLEONIC WARS ON BIHOR COUNTY
The European events at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars) will have a series of echoes in the Romanian space as well. Located in the western part of this area, Bihor County will quickly find out about the conduct of all these events in the western part of Europe. A whole series of documents reveals that in the Bihor lands soon arrived news about the transformations that the revolutionary events imposed. The outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars would seriously affect the population. Recruitment will be made from among it. Also, it will be asked for contributions in money and products to ensure the needs of the army. Two documents introduced in the scientific circuit in this study also attest that bandages for the wounded soldiers were also requested. As the phenomenon of desertification in the army was high, were distributed many circulars by which soldiers who left their military units were urged to return. They were assured that if they did so, nothing would happen to them, but that if they did not obey, they would receive severe punishments. Then was asked that the news regarding the victories of the Habsburg armies to be accompanied by prayers of thanksgiving to the divinity.
Keywords: Revolution, war, Napoleon, Bihor County, implications
7. Radu ROMÎNAȘU, Cornelia ROMÎNAȘU
BISERICA ORTODOXĂ RUSĂ ÎNTRE ANII 1800-1900. CONTRIBUȚII LA VIAȚA ȘI ACTIVITATEA EPISCOPULUI TEOFAN DE TAMBOV ȘI DE VLADIMIR (1815-1895)
THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH BETWEEN 1800 AND 1900. CONTRIBUTIONS ON THE LIFE AND ACTIVITY OF BISHOP THEOPHAN OF TAMBOV AND OF VLADIMIR (1815-1895)
Russia was perceived in the nineteenth century as a space where many contradictions intersect; from this perspective, to understand to some extent the syntagm “Russian soul”, we must consider the paradoxical aspects of Russia, with all the contradictions of its history. In the period between 1800 and 1914, the religious life of the Russian people was characterized by a complex dynamic, the religious feeling being essential in society. Throughout the nineteenth century, the Russian Church began to show signs of returning to its traditional practices of Eastern origins, after previously having entered a shadow cone caused by the adoption of the Enlightenment reformist ideas of the 18th century. In this varied and effervescent context of Tsarist Russia, one of the greatest ecclesiastical personalities of the universal Orthodox Church, namely the hierarch Theophan the Recluse, carried out his activity, especially in the second half of the 19th century.
Keywords: Russia, Orthodox Church, spirituality, society, reforms
8. Ronald HOCHHAUSER
POVESTEA CÂTORVA PRĂVĂLII DE CEASORNICE DIN ORADEA DE ALTĂDATĂ, PRIVITE SUB ASPECTUL RECLAMELOR DIFUZATE ÎN PRESA LOCALĂ DIN EPOCĂ
THE STORY OF A FEW WATCH SHOPS FROM ORADEA, SEEN THROUGH ADVERTISEMENTS PUBLISHED IN THE LOCAL PRESS OF THE TIME
The present study regarding some of the clock shops from the past of our city as they appear in some contemporary newspaper advertisements, is an attempt to discover and convey some of the lesser-known aspects that can complete the picture about the financial situation, taste, preferences and choices of the society of those times; the stage of development of commerce and of printing industry; the variety of goods destined to be traded through selling and the available services represented suggestively, including graphic materials; the “abilities” the employers and their employees had to possess in order to satisfy their clients; the aesthetic sense of some shopkeepers and last but not least, their perseverance to appeal to the public. This time we proposed to analyse and comment upon – without being exhaustive or trying to live up to every expectation – a few newspaper advertisements, with no apparent value, published on the so-called “ fourth page“ of the satirical magazine “Vulturul” (“The Eagle”), the Hungarian newspaper with a liberal orientation “Szabadság” (“Liberty”) and the almanac – also in Hungarian – entitled ”A Nagyvárad képes naptára” (”An Illustrated Journal of the Newspaper Nagyvárad”) from 1897. This study brings to attention, in chronological order, eight adverts ordered by clockshop owners: Liebl Gyula (Julius) – 3 advertisements, Filip (Philip) Weinstock – 3 advertisements, Emanuil (Emmanuel) Patta and Szilágyi Géza (Gerard) – one advertisement each. The eight texts that are accompanied by a graphic part as well, are edited according to the spelling system of the era, in some places with typos, mistakes in grammatical agreement and division of proper names at end of line.
Keywords: specialised shop, shopkeeper, clock, advertisement, local press
9. Cristian APATI
PRIZONIERI, INVALIZI, VĂDUVE ȘI ORFANI ROMÂNI DIN BIHOR. CÂTEVA DOCUMENTE PRIVIND PRIMUL RĂZBOI MONDIAL
ROMANIAN PRISONERS, INVALIDS, WIDOWS AND ORPHANS FROM BIHOR. SOME DOCUMENTS ON THE FIRST WORLD WAR
The story of the WWI must not only be about armies, battles, territories, but also about simple people, survivors or not, healthy or disabled, about the remaining ones, about their needs. We need to find out who these people were, their families, what they were doing before 1914, what happened to the front, their health and material condition when they returned home, if they returned. The documentary selection proposed here answers some of these questions. All these documents personify the history of the WWI, put in the center of attention the man, with name and surname.
Keywords: WWI, county Bihor, prisoners, disabled, widow, orphans
10. Mihai D. DRECIN, Raluca LENARTH
REFUGIUL ROMÂNILOR DIN TERITORIUL OCUPAT ÎN ANII PRIMULUI RĂZBOI MONDIAL. STUDIU DE CAZ: FAMILIA PARTENIE COSMA ÎN ITALIA (TOAMNA 1917-TOAMNA 1919)
THE REFUGE OF THE ROMANIANS FROM THE TERRITORY OCCUPIED DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. CASE STUDY: PARTENIE COSMA FAMILY IN ITALY (AUTUMN 1917-AUTUMN 1919)
Partenie Cosma, born in Bihor county, was the longest-serving executive director of the “Albina” Bank in Sibiu (1885-1915). A prominent figure in the political, economic and cultural field of the Transylvanian Romanians in Austria-Hungary, through the wide relationships with the top politicians from the Kingdom of Romania, he found out that Bucharest will enter the Great War on the side of the Antanta. In this case, he knew that he would be arrested by the Austro-Hungarian authorities. Old age (78 years), would not have allowed him to resist the camp regime. As a result, in the spring of 1915, he retired, together with his wife and two daughters – Hortensia and Lucia, to his villa in Călimănești in Romania, which he had built between 1911-1912. The withdrawal of the Romanian Army in Moldova, after heavy fighting with the invading German, Austro-Hungarian, Bulgarian and Turkish armies, opens a new tab in the history of the Partenie Cosma family. In January 1917, under the danger of the Central Powers’ armies breaking through the southern Moldovan front, the Cosma family went into exile through Russia, Finland, Norway, England, France and Italy. He will live in Genova between the autumn of 1917 and the autumn of 1919. We decipher the two years of exile based on the correspondence of her daughter Hortensia with her husband, the politician Octavian Goga. These are the letters of Hortensia Cosma-Goga with her husband, kept in the Octavian Goga Fund, Manuscripts Section, within the Library of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest. From this correspondence we find interesting data not only about the relationship between the two spouses, but also a true panorama of the political life in Italy at the time, including the Romanian emigration from Romania and Transylvania to this Latin country. From here, Hortensia informs her husband who arrived in Paris, a member of the National Committee of Romanian Unity, how the Romanian delegation to the Peace Conference should defend the interests of all Romanians. The details provided highlight a person – Hortensia – with certain qualities of a political observer of European scope, a rare quality among women of that time. The Partenie Cosma family returns to Sibiu in the autumn of 1919, in a Greater Romania „the culmination of the centuries-old struggles of the Romanians for the creation of the unitary national state”.
Keywords: Partenie Cosma, Hortensia Cosma, Octavian Goga, Genoa, emigration to Italy
11. TŐTŐS Áron
STRATIFICAREA OCUPAȚIONALĂ A SOCIETĂȚII ORĂDENE ÎN PRIMA JUMĂTATE A SECOLULUI XX
OCCUPATIONAL STRATIFICATION OF THE SOCIETY IN ORADEA IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
In our paper, we attempt to analyze the following aspects: what were the macrosocial changes that took place between 1910 and 1941 that are present in Oradea’s occupational structure, respectively to what extent does the occupational stratification resonate with the changes in the structure of the society? Therefore, we will first reflect on the sources, and then, after presenting the methodology, we will analyse the economic activity in Oradea, the distribution of occupations by sectors, the occupational structure, and, last but not least, the relationships between activities. The discovery of the main tendencies of the occupational structure, respectively of the occupational connections allowed us to outline a more detailed image about the changes produced in the occupational stratification of Oradea.
Keywords: social structure, occupational stratification, Oradea, statistics, 20th century
12. Daniela CURELEA, Dragoș CURELEA
IOAN SANDU – UN PROFIL INTELECTAUL INTERBELIC ÎN SERVICIUL ȘCOLII, BISERICII ȘI ASTREI (1919-1945)
IOAN SANDU – A PROFILE. THE INTERWAR INTELECTUAL SERVING THE SCHOOL, CHURCH AND ASTRA (1919-1945)
The teacher and high school principal Ioan Sandu, originating from Sâmbăta de Sus, Făgăraș County (Transylvania, Austro-Ungarian Empire) was a reserve officer, mobilized and a combatant in the Great War in to the Romanian Army. He coordinating for a period military train sets. In 1919, he was demobilized and placed in to the reserve again and returned to Sibiu. In to Sibiu where he held the position of councilor of the Metropolitan Church of Transylvania at the proposal of the high Orthodox hierarch of Transylvania, Metropolitan Dr. Nicolae Bălan. He was a graduate of the Faculty of Theology in Sibiu (Andreian Theological Academy), but also of the Faculty of Letters-Philosophy in Iași, with specializations in History and Pedagogy. He was a history teacher in Sibiu during 1919-1922, working as a teacher in the Boys’ High School no. 1 Sibiu (today ,,Gheorghe Lazăr” Sibiu National College), and then in 1922 he was seconded as a teacher and director of the ,,Mihai Viteazul” High School in Alba Iulia, where he will work between 1922-1932. In Alba Iulia he developed social pedagogy and adult education through the Alba Iulia Department of Astra, which he led between 1925-1930. He returned to Sibiu in 1932, being appointed director of the ,,Andrei Șaguna” Normal School in the same locality. Since 1935 he has been a member of the Central Committee of the Association, getting involved in the institutional approaches of adult education, both in the area of Avrig, Sibiu, Miercurea Sibiului (administrative networks/place of Sibiu County interwar indecades) He declined proposals from the part of the high orthodox hierarch of Cluj, Bishop Nicolae Ivan to be enthroned in the confessional dignity of bishop-vicar on behalf of the aforementioned bishopric. He worked for a period as Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of National Education in Romania between January 1941-February 1942, in charge of Cults and Arts during Radu Rosetti’s ministry. He returned to Sibiu in 1943 and where he worked as a teacher until his retirement in 1945. Between 1947-1950, he was arrested several times, but for a probbe of evidence he was released. Between 1950 and 1955 he was imprisoned in Sighet. He was subjected to ill-treatment through starvation, corporal punishment, carceral detention and lack of medical assistance. He died in the aforementioned prison in mai 1955.
Keywords: elite, school, church, Astra, high school, normal school, teachers
13. Gabriel MOISA, Livia BUCUR
CONTRIBUȚII LA CUNOAȘTEREA FENOMENULUI VIOLENȚEI ÎN BIHORUL INTERBELIC
CONTRIBUTIONS ON THE VIOLENCE PHENOMENON IN INTERWAR BIHOR
Domestic and public violence were quite common phenomena in a city, Oradea, and a county, Bihor, which became part of Greater Romania after the Great Union on December 1, 1918. Bihor society underwent profound changes in this period, many of them leaving traces on human behavior. The press and the documents made by the Police reveal their existence. It must be said that if most domestic tensions usually took place in the privacy of the marital home, those in the area of public space are much more diverse and took place in the most diverse places. However, the most common took place on the street, then in bars and last but not least in public transport, trains, trams or barges. If the fights between the spouses had various causes, more frequent being those related to alcohol consumption and economic deprivation, those in the public space were mainly due to the excessive excess and violent personality of some of those involved.
Keywords: Domestic and public violence, Interwar Period, Oradea, Bihor County
14. Diana IANCU
GHEORGHE MICULAȘ – FIU AL EPISCOPIEI GRECO-CATOLICE DE ORADEA
GHEORGHE MICULAȘ – SON OF GREEK-CATHOLIC EPARCHY OF ORADEA
In this paper we focus on the activity of Gheorghe Miculaș, priest of Greek-Catholic Eparchy of Oradea. He lived between 1874 and 1943, in a period of great national effervescence of Romanian people. He was the witness of the Great Assembly of Alba Iulia (1 December1918), he endured the fury of communism at the beginning of 1919, and also the breakup of Northern Transylvania in 1940. The priest was devoted to the church and to the people. He was noted for his didactic activity. For many years, was the principal of the normal school and the rector of the Greek-Catholic Seminary in Oradea.Gheorghe Miculaș was a good theologian. He has written books on church and pedagogical topics. For his effort he was rewarded with papal distinctions and decorations. Although he had an impressive ecclesiastical activity heemanated modesty and self dedication.
Keywords: Greek-Catholic Eparhy of Oradea, Gheorghe Miculaș, Alba Iulia, Valeriu Traian Frențiu
15. Viorel CÂMPEAN, Liviu-Antoniu BULGĂR
DR. GHEORGHE MICULAȘ, O PERSONALITATE PREA PUȚIN CUNOSCUTĂ
DR. GHEORGHE MICULAȘ UNE PERSONNALITÉ PEU CONNUE
Le prêtre dr. Gheorghe Miculaș est surtout une personnalité emblématique de l’Eparchie gréco-catholique roumaine de Oradea Mare (Eglise Roumaine-Unie avec Rome). En 1923, la Constitution du Royaume de Roumaine, au deuxième alinéa de l’article 22, dispose que „l’ Eglise chrétienne Orthodoxe et celle Greco-catholique sont des Eglises roumains”. L’existence, et le fonctionnement légale de l’Eglise gréco –catholique, vas durer jusqu’au 1.decembre.1948, quand le Parti communiste au pouvoir dans une Roumanie stalinise et bolchevise, vas interdire l’Eglise gréco-catholique en la déclarant hors-la-loi. En fait 1.Décembre. est un date sacro-saint pour l’Unité de la Roumanie, ainsi le stalinisme et le bolchevisme instaure en Roumanie vas mettre en doute même l’acte de l’Unite de 1.Decembre.1918 et le rôle crucial de l’Egrise gréco-catholique. En toute cette période des 30 années, depuis 1.Decembre.1918 jusqu’au 1.dec.1948, de l’Eglise grécocatholique roumaine a mène un combat permanent pour les roumains de Transylvanie et pour créer une élite intellectuelle roumaine. En ce contexte, depuis 1901 comme théologien absolvent et jusqu’au 1943, pendant 41 ans, le prêtre Dr. Gheorghe Miculaș vas mener un travail, on peut dir une lute difficile, pour l’éducation des roumains dans l’Eparchie gréco-catholique roumaine de Oradea Mare, a été en permanent sous la direction des grands esprit du moment: l’Evêque Demetriu Radu, et les sept autres sept Evêques greco-catliques – ValeriuTraianFrențiu, Vasile Aftenie, Ioan Suciu, Tit Liviu Chinezu, Ioan Bălan, Alexandru Rusu et Iuliu Hossu, martyrs de l’ Eglise Roumaine-Unie avec Rome qui on été canonise, en 2019, par le Pape Francisc. Depuis 1903 Gheorghe Miculaș remplis divers fonction didactiques en vue de organiser le enseignement préprandial a Oradea Mare. En 1915 il est nome canonique et recteur du Séminaire gréco-catholique à l’Eparchie de Oradea Mare. Le 1.Decembre.1918, il participe a la Grande Assemblé Nationale réunie a Alba Iulia, quand on a décidé et proclamé l’ Union de la Transylvanie avec la Roumanie Mère-Patrie. Ainsi en 1919, le recteur du Séminaire théologique dr.Gheorghe Miculaș est nome le premier Directeur Régional de l’Enseignement roumain de Bihor. En 1924 le prêtre Dr. Gheorghe Miculaș est distingué avec la dignité de Prélat Papal, en 1924 est nome vicaire général épiscopal. En 1933 il a l’honneur d’être nome de Protonotaire Apostolique par le Décret du Pape Piu XI. En reconnaissance de son dévouement, Dr. Gheorghe Miculaș, a reçu de la part du Régate de la Roumanie, la Mère-Patrie trois distinctions: „La couronne de Roumanie en grade d’Officier”, „l’Etoile de Roumanie en grade de Commandeur”, et la „Recompense du dévouement a l’Eglise cl.I”. En 1940, l’année du Dictat de Vienne quand en revanche au Traite de Trianon de 1920, on a démembré la Roumanie en donnant la Transylvanie a l’Hongrie, le prêtre Dr. Gheorghe Miculaș est éloigné de toutes les fonctions. Gheorghe Miculaș Prélat Papal et Protonotaire Apostolique est décéde le 12.avril.1943 dans son village natal Ciumești. La messe d’enterrement sera célébré par Dr. Ioan Suciu Evêque de Oradea-Mare, celui qui sera canonise en 2019 par le Pape Francisc.
Mots-clés: L’Évêché Uniate, église, Gheorghe Miculaș, prêtre, professeur
16. Laurențiu-Ștefan SZEMKOVICS, Augustin MUREȘAN
MEDALIA COMEMORATIVĂ A MAUSOLEULUI DE LA MĂRĂȘEȘTI (1938)
COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL OF THE MAUSOLEUM FROM MĂRĂȘEȘTI (1938)
In this article, the authors present, using phaleristics, heraldry and sigillography, the commemorative medal of the Mausoleum of Mărășești, an honorary distinction made on the occasion of the inauguration, on September 18, 1938, of the historical monument mentioned above. The bronze decoration is also in the Central National Historical Archives in Bucharest, in a single copy. On the obverse of the medal were engraved, in excision, mainly, the effigies of the kings of Romania Ferdinand I and Carol II, and on the reverse the image of the Mausoleum from Mărășești, seen from the front.
Keywords: medal, Mausoleum from Mărășești, National Orthodox Society of Romanian Women, coats of arms, kings Ferdinand I and Charles II
17. Mihaela GOMAN
DIN CORESPONDENȚA LUI CONSTANTIN DAICOVICIU CU ARHEOLOGI ȘI ISTORICI ROMÂNI
FROM CONSTANTIN DAICOVICIU’S CORRESPONDENCE WITH ROMANIAN ARCHAEOLOGISTS AND HISTORIANS
In this article we wanted to present through the six letters the scientific and personal relationships between Constantin Daicoviciu and archaeologists and historians such as Maria Comșa, Ștefan and Geza Ferenczi, Ion Barnea, Nicolae Gostar, Silviu Sanie. Through them, current archeological researches and personal problems were brought to his attention in order to know and solve them.
Keywords: Constantin Daicoviciu, relationship, letter, archaeologist, historian
18. Cristina Liana PUȘCAȘ
PORTRETE ALE SUFERINȚEI ÎN TEMNIȚELE COMUNISTE. MARTIRII BIHORULUI PENTRU CREDINȚĂ
Keywords: repression, communist regime, prisons, cults, priests
FRONTIERE IDENTITARE ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA.ABORDĂRI CONCEPTUALE ȘI ELEMENTE COMPARATIVE
Keywords: identity, border, ethnicity, religion, language, Republic of Moldova
Keywords: Holod ethnographic subarea; long coat; Tinca-type coat; Râpa; Borovsky Samu
SOME FOUNDATION RITUALS OF THE SETTLEMENTS AND THE FAMILY,PRESERVED IN DOCUMENTARY FUNDS FROM THE END OF THE 19THCENTURY AND THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY
Keywords: elders, wedding, family, the village gate, settlement
Keywords: The Forester’s Land, Hunedoara, rustic house, household, house interior
Keywords: Beiuș, Bihor, crafts, Țara Beiușului
Keywords: fair, products, merchants, Bihor County
Keywords: ethnographic research, coronavirus, pandemic, civic degradation
Keywords: Coriolan Petranu, art history, professors, Transylvania, America
EXPERIMENTAL CONTEXT AND NEW LANGUAGES IN POST-BELLICPAINTING
Keywords: post-war decades, decade five, decade six, artist names, post-conflagration period
Keywords: Meziad Cave, history, tourism, historic route, speology
Keywords: Transylvania, museum, museographers, identity, treasure
One of the most interesting collections of the Țării Crișurilor Museum is indeed the onethat reflects and presents in a very unique way its own history. It is entitled IstoriculInstituției (The History of the Institution) and it contains a very diverse number of artefacts.Each of these illustrate a certain aspect of our history as a cultural institution and at thesame time, underlines a few key moments in the evolution of the museum itself. In the 120years since its first opening, there have been profound changes in both the location (wherethe museum operated) and the growing number of artefacts held inside the institution. Fromold fotographs, tickets, pamphlets, to documents letters and old instruments used bycurators, all of them offer the viewers a small glimps into the past of this importantinstitution. This article aims to deconstruct and present the entire collection and analyseeach category to better understand the significance of the overall cluster. At the same time,identifying the patterns and the fluctuance with which these items came to be in the museummight show us the level of interest regarding this part of local history. The Țării CrișurilorMuseum is not only an important emblem for the city of Oradea, but also for Romanian andTransylvanian museology in general. Most of the objects indirectly attest to the evolution ofthe science surrounding museography between the 19th and 20th Centuries.
ORGANIZAREA EXPOZIȚIEI „ARTIȘTI PLASTICI ORĂDENI ÎNTRE 1860-1940”
THE ORGANISATION OF THE EXHIBITIONARTISTS FROM ORADEA BETWEEN 1860-1940
COLECȚIA DE FOTOGRAFII A SECȚIEI DE ISTORIE AMUZEULUI ȚĂRII CRIȘURILOR
ACTIVITATEA MUZEULUI ȚĂRII CRIȘURILOR REFLECTATĂ ÎN ZIARUL CRIȘANA ȘI ÎN REVISTA FAMILIA (1971-1989)
Keywords: Oradea, communism, Țării Crișurilor Museum, press, newspapers, articles, presentations
Keywords: Preparation, restoration, adhesives and conslidants, vertebrate fossils