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ISSN: 1016 – 2798, Frequency: annual, CNCSIS Category: B+ (2010)

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The Archive of the Crisia magazine


From the following link you can download the abstracts of the articles included in the editions of the last four years of the journal: Abstracts 2008-2011


Number XLVIII, 2018


Editorial Board:


Person responsible for the publications of the Ţării Crişurilor Museum: Dr. Aurel Chiriac

Secretar de redacţie: Gabriel Moisa

Bord editorial (membri): Florina Ciure, Gruia Fazecaş, Florin Gogâltan

Consiliu ştiinţific:

PhD Prof. Cesare Alzati – Universita Catolica Del Sacro Cuore, Milano

PhD Prof. Mihai Bărbulescu – Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca

Academician Nicolae Edroiu - Institutul de Istorie “George Bariţ” Cluj-Napoca

Dr. György Feiszt – Vas County Archives of Szombathely

PhD Prof. Gianfranco Giraudo – Universitatea Ca’ Foscari din Veneţia, Veneția

PhD Prof. Ovidiu Ghitta – Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca

PhD Prof. Francesco Leoncini - Universitatea Ca’Foscari din Veneţia

Cercetător Ştiinţific I, Dr. Florin Gogâltan – Institutul de Arheologie şi Istoria Artei al Academiei Române, Cluj-Napoca

Dr. Gizella Nemeth, Sodalitas Adriatico-Danubiana

Prof. Univ. Dr. Adriano Papo, Universitatea din Udine

Academician Ioan Aurel Pop - Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca

PhD Prof. Doru Radosav - Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca

Dr. Matteo Taufer – Universitatea din Leipzig



Articles:

  1. Florin GOGÂLTAN, Despre cronologia așezărilor multistratificate ale epocii bronzului din Bazinul Carpatic. O privire retrospectivă a ultimilor 15 ani.
    article language: Romanian, page 9

    About the chronology of the multi-layered settlements of the Bronze Age in the Carpathian Basin. A retrospective of the last 15 years.
    Abstract in:English

    Fifteen years ago, during an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship at the Institut für Prähistorische Archäologie, Freie Universität Berlin I have put together a catalogue of Early Bronze Age (EBA) and Middle Bronze Age (MBA) multi-stratified settlements in the Carpathian Basin (c. 2500-1600/1500 BC). A total of 188 multi-stratified sites (Fig. 1) ascribed to five horizons were placed in chronological order (Fig. 2). The new AMS data have substantially modified the relative chronology of this period (Fig. 3). The present paper only comprises the recent information regarding the chronology of the tell and tell-like settlements in the Carpathian Basin. An english version of this article will appear, hopefully within a reasonable time, in a volume titled Reinecke´s Erbe. Terminologie, Chronologie und Identität in Mitteleuropa zwischen 2300 und 1600 v.Chr. Reinecke´s Heritage. Terminology, Chronology and Identity in Central Europe between 2300 and 1600 BC.
    full article (pdf)

  2. Gruia FAZECAȘ, Marian LIE, Determinarea suprafeței sitului arheologic de epoca bronzului de la Toboliu – Dâmbu Zănăcanului
    article language: Romanian, page 29

    Area delineation of the Bronze Age site from Toboliu “Dâmbu Zănăcanului”
    Abstract in:English

    The importance of archaeological field walks is undisputable, with an significant role in discovering and mapping new sites, but also in investigating other aspects in known sites, such as habitation density and extent. Several types of systematic field walks were applied, some yielding notable results. In the current paper, we present a systematic field walk method applied in the Middle Bronze Age site Toboliu Dâmbul Zănăcanului, located in Bihor County. Although the size and shape of the central part of the site, consisting of a tell, is rather clear, the dimensions of the outer settlement are more problematic. Previous field walks suggested that the surface inhabited by the Bronze Age communities is considerable. In order to establish the actual dimensions of the outer settlement, the authors of this study conducted a systematic field walk in March 2015, using a improvised method: with a hand GPS, all archaeological finds encountered on predefined parallel paths (10 m apart) were marked on a map, as black (isolated finds), yellow (clusters), or red dots (clusters and adobe). The surface covered by red and yellow dots is more likely to give a more accurate image of the surface inhabited by the Bronze Age communities, covering around 85 ha. However, it probably reflects periodic shifts of inhabited areas over the three centuries, rather that a large, contemporaneous settlement. In regards to the landscape, it is noticeable that the lower area located on the western and south-western side was avoided, as it was probably marshy in prehistoric times.
    full article (pdf)

  3. Gruia FAZECAȘ, Florin GOGÂLTAN, Situl aparținând epocii bronzului de la Diosig “Colonie”. O reevaluare
    article language: Romanian, page 39

    Bronze Age Site from Diosig “Colonie”. An appraisal
    Abstract in:English

    The first archaeological discoveries in the Diosig area occur at the end of the XIXth century. Since then, were discovered artifacts and archaeological sites belonging to the Neolithic, Bronze Age and to the II-Ist century B.C. period around Diosig ( Pl. I). The first notes about the site from Diosig “Colonie” are made by I. Ordentlich. He mentions a settlement belonging to the first and second phases of Otomani culture. The level of the Otomani II phase was disturbed by a inhumated tomb of a child, which had as inventory two vessels assigned to the Otomani III phase. From then on, until the time of this article, a series of papers and studies include references to this site without even knowing the location of the site, sometimes mixing the tomb inventory with disparate and accidental discoveries - supposedly coming from other graves. In 2015 a local citizen informed us about the discovery of some Bronze Age pottery fragments discovered during the exploitation of yellow clay in Diosig “Colonie” site (Pl. II). On site we discovered two features, partially affected by yellow clay exploitation and erosion: G1/2015 (pl III-IV) and G2/2015 (Pl. V, VI/6-10). Along with the ceramics, the pits contained bones, ash, charcoal, adobe fragments. The pottery fragments are attributed the Otomani II ceramic style. Chronologically, it can be attributed to the middle bronze II (Central European Bronze A2), which corresponds in absolute chronology to a time sequence somewhere approximately 1900 to 1700 BC. As the features inventory shows, they seem to be used as refuse pits. In October 2018, during a field survey around Diosig we tried to identify a site mentioned in the National Archaeological Register (= R.A.N.) (Fig. 5), without being certain that the area which we surveyed is the same as the one is mentioned with the R.A.N. code no. 29109.01. Nevertheless, around of an old island of Ier river we discovered pottery fragments from the Bronze Age and La Tène period, with the black lead in composition (Pl. VI/1-5).
    full article (pdf)

  4. Doru MARTA, Gruia FAZECAȘ, Note pe marginea câmpului de movile de la Cheţ – Buduslău (judeţul Bihor)
    article language: Romanian, page 57

    Some additions concerning mounds field from Cheț – Buduslău
    Abstract in:English

    According to the regulatory provisions General Urbanisme Plan (= P.U.G.) of the commune must be updated periodically. In this context, Buduslau commune which is located in the north-eastern part of Bihor County, has been the subject of a field survey in the spring of 2018. In the older bibliography there were mentioned “near the locality several large tumuli belonging to an unspecified age”. On this circumstances we identified six earth mounds. Due to the proximity to the previously identified mounds field at Cheț, we believe that the six newly identified mounds are part of the same group. The mounds, with different sizes and degrees of preservation are likely to be tumuli, a fact that can be confirmed only after archaeological excavations, especially in the case of the mound conventionally called M1 by us (or Movila Vupei = Fox Mound on older maps) and the one named by the local inhabitants of Chet „Holmul Chețului”.
    full article (pdf)

  5. Cristian Ioan POPA, Statuetele cu capetele bifurcate din ariile Gáva Gornea-Kalakaca şi Basarabi
    article language: Romanian, page 63

    Statuets with two heads in Gáva, Gornea-Kalakača and Basarabi areas
    Abstract in:English

    Anthropomorphic plastic art at the end of the Bronze Age and in the beginning of the Iron Age is still little known. In this paper is brought to attention a statuette placed at the bottom of a cult pit from Teleac, belonging to the Gáva II (Hallstatt B) phase. The artifact has an elongated shape, oval in kerf, with two, bifurcated heads. Similar statues have been found in Gáva cultural area, especially in Şimleul Silvaniei surroundings. Identical artifacts to that of Teleac are also known in Gornea-Kalakača and Basarabi features. If some authors consider them „reel”, we appreciate these as anthropomorphic statuettes, showing the legs and hands schematically, with a history in some cultures of the Bronze Age (Tei, Wietenberg, Noua. Similarities are also found in the plastic of Babadag culture. The artifacts presented in this paper expresses the last type of anthropomorphic representation of the Carpathian populations before the arrival of a new style – the steppe art.
    full article (pdf)

  6. Ioan CRIȘAN, Sorin BULZAN, Cercetări arheologice preventive din anul 2016 pe dealul promontor de la Oradea
    article language: Romanian, page 79

    The Preventive Archeological Research on the Promontor Hill in Oradea In 2016
    Abstract in:English

    In the month of May 2016, at number 11 Cantonului Street, they have initiated the procedures for the approval of the construction of a block of flats. The point in which they were to carry out the works was located on the right bank of the Crişul Repede River at a distance of 100 m towards the north, at 165 m altitude. As the perimeter checked by the work was to be located near the site of the premonstratense monastery sacred to the proto-martyr St. Stefan, founded by King Stefan II (1116-1131), the excavation works for the foundation of the construction have been under surveillance, and then under preventive archeological diggings. They discovered and investigated nine graves dated in the 12th -16th centuries, covering the period of existence of a monastic complex in the area. The distribution of the graves shows that they were located on the western side of the cemetery, and that the building of the church was to the east of the parcel been concerned by the constructors.
    full article (pdf)

  7. Sorin BULZAN, Locuirile dintre ape. Noi cercetări de suprafaţă în teritoriul comunei Sântandrei
    article language: Romanian, page 91

    New Archaeological Survey in the Sântandrei Commune Bihor County, Romania
    Abstract in:English

    Situated on the middle flow of river Crișul Repede, Sântandrei commune lies at seven kilometers west of Oradea in the north-west part of Romania not far from Romanian-Hungarian border. The relief is dominated by plain and in the northern part by many old meanders and the bends of river Crișul Repede and Peța rivulet. The past human habitation could be named a living between the waters. The administrative territory of this commune knows in the last years a boom of real estate sector and some archaeological sites must be delimited and protected. The archaeological survey was made for the elaboration of urban plan of the commune. The territory of the Sântandrei commune was also surveyed in past, but this new research brought to light new archaeological sites. As we know in this moment the human habitation begin in the middle Neolithic age with a settlement newly discovered at the place called” Lanu Botului” and continued with an destroyed settlement by flooding Criș River from which we knows just some sherds (see the note 4). To the bronze age can belong some discoveries at the place”Podul Moii” (early bronze age, Coțofeni culture), the Otomani faze I-III culture settlement from ”Palota Veche” and those from ”Descheșa” which can be dated bronze D - Hallstatt A1 stage. In the Latene period old discoveries belog to the Celts at ”Podu Moii” and to the Dacians later in D stage from „Pepinieră” and ”Broscărie” settlement. The vestern part of Romania were the Sântandrei commune lies was left in Barbaricum by the Romans. Beside of the discoveries made by Sever Dumitrașcu and Ioan Crișan in sixties and eithies years of XX century at the place ”Fizeșul Palotei”, in the new survey was discovered a new settlement north of the ”Grajdurile C.A.P” (the stalls of the former farm) also dated in the 3-4 century A.D. In the middle age, beginning with the 8-10 century, the left bank of the Crișul Repede river was densely inhabited even only isolated findings are known at ”La Pepinieră” and ”Criș” places (settlements) and in an unknown place, a presumed inhumation grave. The foremost problem of this early medieval period rise from literature, an article of Maria Comșa in which is supposed the existence of a Slavian tumuli necropolis (see the note 17). Even I visited the presumable tumuli, without other researches I was unable to propose a solution for the nature and the dating of these mounds. Beginning with the 13th century the villages in the commune’s territory start to be mentioned in documents. The existence of some of them since the 12th century, if not earlier, is confirmed by archaeological discoveries. Some settlements have disappeared since the middle Ages but their names have been preserved as place names in Austrian maps. The first village mentioned in the medieval documents is Vadasz in 1214. I discover the remains of this settlement at the place called ”Criș” close to the bends of river Crişul Repede in the north-west of the commune’s territory. But at some moment maybe in the 14 century a part of the population was moved in the own territory of the village a fact which explain the presence of the name ”Vadasz Pusta” in other place in an old map. The medieval Palota village appears in documents since 1279 under the name Deerspalataya castrum. The name of the settlement was preserved in the place memory and the archaeological material confirms the tradition. The most complex situation has even the village of Sântandrei mentioned in 1291. The archaeological site called „Râturi” could be the missing Megyes village for which is first time mentioned in documents at 1329.
    full article (pdf)

  8. Gizella NEMETH, Adriano PAPO, La fine della missione in Transilvania del generale Giovanni Battista Castaldo. 1552–53
    article language: Italian, page 105

    The End of General John Baptist Castaldo’s Task in Transylvania. 1552–53
    Abstract in:English

    In 1551, Transylvania was occupied by the Habsburg army of General John Baptist Castaldo. The Transylvanians accepted submission to the House of Austria, Queen Isabella Jagiellon and Prince John Sigismund Szapolyai were forced into exile first in Kassa, then in Silesia and Poland. The government of General Castaldo was not well accepted by the Transylvanian people, mainly because of the wickedness of his mercenaries, who caused dissatisfaction with King Ferdinand of Habsburg himself, responsible for the arrogance of the German soldiers, to whom the Transylvanians ended even by preferring the Ottoman domination. Castaldo was also worried about the chronic lack of money to pay his soldiers, who often rebelled, and felt continually threatened by a possible Turkish attack to Transylvania. The Turks instead attacked Hungary saving Transylvania. Nevertheless, the Transylvanian lords began to plot for the return of Prince John Sigismund. Castaldo, unable to calm the discontent of both people and lords, as well as the restlessness of his mercenaries, eventually sought refuge in the flight from Transylvania, which he abandoned in the spring of 1553, bearing the suspicion of having enriched himself with the treasure of friar George Martinuzzi Utyeszenics, whom he had got killed by order of King Ferdinand in December 1551.
    full article (pdf)

  9. Florina CIURE, Cucerirea Oradiei de către imperiali (1692) într-un izvor veneţian contemporan
    article language: Romanian, page 125

    The Conquest of Oradea by the Habsburgs (1692) in a Contemporary Venetian Source
    Abstract in:English

    National Library of St. Mark’s in Venice hosts a miscellany containing 84 opuscula entitled Reports of the Imperial armies victories over the Turks. At the second one there is a Description of the city and the fortress of Oradea, printed in Venice by Leonardo Pittoni, but not indicating the year of publication, and at number 67 there is A new and truthful report about the victories of the Habsburgs armies over the important castle of Beiuş near Oradea under the command of Mr. Count Corbelli. With a record of the victories, conquered towns, the Turks made slaves, and the number of cannons captured in this war, reprinted, In Vienna, & in Venice, 1690, stating that it’s been selling by [Giovanni] Batti in San Marco Square. The number 82 is dedicated to a distinctive Report on the settlement, domination, blockade, siege and conquest of the important town of Oradea at the borders of the Upper Hungary and the Transylvania, conquered by imperial armies at 5 June 1692, published in the same year, at Venice by Girolamo Albrizzi. This raport resume in the first section the describing information from the second opuscula, which presents the settlement, the inhabitants and the important events that marked the history of this city: references to the three districts of Oradea, its cathedral which housed the remains of the two kings, Ladislau and Sigismund of Luxemburg, the actions of the Calvinists, the unsuccessful siege by the Ottomans in 1598, the fall of Oradea in the hands of the Ottomans in 1660, and the final part is dedicated to the actions of Imperial Armies starting in 1691 and culminating with the final siege of the city in 1692, which is presented in detail.
    full article (pdf)

  10. Blaga MIHOC, Despre măsurile luate de Maria Tereza şi Iosif al II-lea împotriva „cerşetorilor”, în contextul modernizării Imperiului Habsburgic
    article language: Romanian, page 135

    About the Measures Taken by Maria Theresa and Joseph II Against Beggars in the Context of Modernization of the Habsburg Empire
    Abstract in:English

    National Library of St. Mark’s in Venice hosts a miscellany containing 84 opuscula entitled Reports of the Imperial armies victories over the Turks. At the second one there is a Description of the city and the fortress of Oradea, printed in Venice by Leonardo Pittoni, but not indicating the year of publication, and at number 67 there is A new and truthful report about the victories of the Habsburgs armies over the important castle of Beiuş near Oradea under the command of Mr. Count Corbelli. With a record of the victories, conquered towns, the Turks made slaves, and the number of cannons captured in this war, reprinted, In Vienna, & in Venice, 1690, stating that it’s been selling by [Giovanni] Batti in San Marco Square. The number 82 is dedicated to a distinctive Report on the settlement, domination, blockade, siege and conquest of the important town of Oradea at the borders of the Upper Hungary and the Transylvania, conquered by imperial armies at 5 June 1692, published in the same year, at Venice by Girolamo Albrizzi. This raport resume in the first section the describing information from the second opuscula, which presents the settlement, the inhabitants and the important events that marked the history of this city: references to the three districts of Oradea, its cathedral which housed the remains of the two kings, Ladislau and Sigismund of Luxemburg, the actions of the Calvinists, the unsuccessful siege by the Ottomans in 1598, the fall of Oradea in the hands of the Ottomans in 1660, and the final part is dedicated to the actions of Imperial Armies starting in 1691 and culminating with the final siege of the city in 1692, which is presented in detail.
    full article (pdf)

  11. M. Marcella FERRACCIOLI, Gianfranco GIRAUDO, I fratelli Sebastiani tra diplomazia ed esilio
    article language: Italian, page 141

    The Sebastiani Brothers Between Diplomacy and Exile
    Abstract in:English

    Paolo and Giuseppe Sebastiani, Armenian Catholics from Constantinople, persecuted because of their faith, or financial problems, obtain asylum in Rome. A tournant in the history of the Sebastiani Family is represented by the affaire Dusoglu, born as a financial scandal and ended in tragedy. It is the alleged disappearance of a huge sum escaped from the confiscation of the assets of the Dus Oglu which becomes an indictment, one of many, from which the Sebastiani brothers are forced to defend themselves against real or alleged slanderers and judicial inquiries. After their arrival in Rome the Sebastiani brothers present themselves as poor Delegates of a poor nation in order to be able to deal with “affairs of religion”. A grant is granted, but evidently to a much lower extent than would have been expected, as well as limited to a very short period of time.
    full article (pdf)

  12. Augustin MUREȘAN, Sigiliile cu scena învierii lui Iisus Hristos ale localităţii Ostern (azi Comloşu Mic), judeţul Timiş
    article language: Romanian, page 141

    Resurrection of Jesus Christ Scene on the Seals of Ostern (Comloşu Mic), Timiş County
    Abstract in:English

    The author presents three seals of the village of Ostern (ComloşuMic), Torontal County. The first seal (28 mm x 25 mm) is applied in red wax on a document from 1787. The second seal (31 mm x 25 mm) is applied in red wax on a document from 1834. The third one (30 mm x 28 mm) is made of metal (brass) and etched into an incision. The focus of the emblem is the scene of Jesus Christ’s Resurrection - his raising from the grave. Jesus, with a circle of light round his head, is holding a flag, with a cross on the banner, in his right hand. His left hand is lying on his chest while he is rising from thegrave; the tombstone engraved with a Latin cross, was removed. The seals have a religious character in their composition. The inclusion of Jesus Christ on the emblems of the three seals is a testimony and a reminder of the name of the village.
    full article (pdf)

  13. Mihai GEORGIȚĂ, Ecouri ale Revoluţiei polone din 1830-1831 în Ardeal, Banat şi Crişana
    article language: Romanian, page 155

    Echoes of the Polish Revolution from 1830-1831 in Transylvania, Banat and Bihor County
    Abstract in:English

    Through the peace of Vienna in 1815, the Czarist Russia receives a large part of Poland. If, at the beginning, Russia grants a broad autonomy to the Poles, after 1820 they have some freedom, and after the movements of the intellectual bourgeoisie, supported by the middle nobility, for the reconstruction of an independent Polish state, the Czar decides the rusification of Poland. That is why, on November 21, 1830, when the Czar ordered the Polish army to support the Dutch against the Belgians, the Warsaw regiments and students triggered the revolution, which spread rapidly in all provinces, proclaiming independence on January 25, 1831. Apart from the Pope, no European state responded to the Polish leaders’ appeals to support their cause. On the contrary, Prussia and Austria, which owned parts of the old Polish kingdom, took action against this revolutionary movement. In this context, Bihor and other neighboring counties have adopted resolutions supporting the cause of Poland, while the imperial army takes drastic measures against emigrants.
    full article (pdf)

  14. Călin GHEMIȘ, Tezaurul aparţinând sfârşitului epocii bronzului descoperit la Oradea în anul 1911 - precizări documentare
    article language: Romanian, page 171

    The Late Bronze Age Gold Hoard discovered at Oradea in 1911 - documentary aspects
    Abstract in:English

    Through the peace of Vienna in 1815, the Czarist Russia receives a large part of Poland. If, at the beginning, Russia grants a broad autonomy to the Poles, after 1820 they have some freedom, and after the movements of the intellectual bourgeoisie, supported by the middle nobility, for the reconstruction of an independent Polish state, the Czar decides the rusification of Poland. That is why, on November 21, 1830, when the Czar ordered the Polish army to support the Dutch against the Belgians, the Warsaw regiments and students triggered the revolution, which spread rapidly in all provinces, proclaiming independence on January 25, 1831. Apart from the Pope, no European state responded to the Polish leaders’ appeals to support their cause. On the contrary, Prussia and Austria, which owned parts of the old Polish kingdom, took action against this revolutionary movement. In this context, Bihor and other neighboring counties have adopted resolutions supporting the cause of Poland, while the imperial army takes drastic measures against emigrants.
    full article (pdf)

  15. Răzvan Mihai NEAGU, Consideraţii privind viaţa şi activitatea preotesei Lucreţia Mureşan (1875-1946)
    article language: Romanian, page 181

    Considerations Regarding the Life and Activity of the Priestess Lucreţia Mureşan (1875-1946)
    Abstract in:English

    Lucreţia Mureşan was one of the most remarkable female characters in the history of Turda. Her life and activity were intermingled with her husband’s, Iovian Mureşan, the most important Orthodox protopope of Turda. Lucretia Mureşan was original from Ţara Bârsei and came in Turda in 1901, when her husband became protopope of Turda. She distinguished herself through the charity she coordinated during World War I, when together with other ladies from Turda, she organised many charity actions in the hospitals for the wounded. Lucreţia Mureşan was the president of the Romanian Ladies Society in Turda both before and after the war. She was energetical, being very much involved in the social actions in Turda, promoting Christian values and the Romanian culture.
    full article (pdf)

  16. Luminița POPESCU, Solidaritate şi caritate la româncele din Ungaria în anii Marelui Război
    article language: Romanian, page 189

    Solidarity and Charity in the Romanians at Hungary in the Years of the Great War
    Abstract in:English

    This article focuses on reconstituting the history of World War I from the perspective of the home front. As a general outlook it surprises the feminine history of the Great War but focuses in particular on the activity of the Romanian women meetings in Hungary between 1914-1918. Starting from sources such as the press of the time, activity reports, yearbooks, archive funds of the feminine meetings, we found three main lines of action in supporting war effort: helping the families of soldiers left on the front, helping soldiers on the field struggle and the activity of charity sisters. Regarding the help given to the families left at home, it focused mainly on meeting the special needs caused by the increase in the number of widows and orphans. In this respect, one of the main charitable activities of women’s meetings was the building of orphanages, which will continue after the war. In order to help soldiers on the front, women in Transylvania organized collections consisting of cigarettes and books in Romanian. Another category of soldiers who benefited directly from the help provided by Romanian women were those hospitalized in the Transylvanian hospitals where a significant number of Romanians functioned as charity sisters. Subsequently, they were decorated by the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, or by the Romanian State. Another aspect that I have dealt with in this article concerns the possible inter-ethnic or inter-confessional collaborations that existed between the meetings of women working in Transylvania and, last but not least, the structure of the report of the Romanian women meetings with the Hungarian authorities according to the political and military evolution of the Great War.
    full article (pdf)

  17. Augustin MUREŞAN, Ioan CRIŞAN, Drapelul reconstituit al Gărzii Naţionale Române din Cefa (judeţul Bihor)
    article language: Romanian, page 203

    The Reconstituted Flag of the Romanian National Guard of Cefa (Bihor County)
    Abstract in:English


    full article (pdf)

  18. Laurențiu-Ștefan SZEMKOVICS, Distincţii onorifice acordate clerului român în 1918
    article language: Romanian, page 209

    Honorary Distinctions Granted to the Romanian Clergy in 1918
    Abstract in:English

    In the present article, the author points out, by means of phaleristics, heraldry and sigillography, eight honorary distinctions awarded to Romanian clergymen for special deeds accomplished during the First World War: The Military Order „Mihai Viteazul”; The Order „Star of Romania” („Steaua României”); The Order „Crown of Romania” („Coroana României”); The Order „Queen Mary Cross” („Crucea Regina Maria”); The Cross „The Sanitary Merit”; The Cross of War (French); The Order „Saint Anna” (Russian); The Order „Saint Stanislas” (Russian). These distinctions are preserved in funds and collections of the National History Museum of Romania, the Romanian Gendarmerie Museum and the collection belonging to Chief adjutant N.C.O. (reservist) Nelu Aldea. The distinctions have been presented considering first and foremost the Regulation for the order in which medals should be worn (published in „Monitorul Oficial” no. 222 from 29 January 1920), with the Romanian ones first followed by the foreign ones, presented in alphabetical order of the origin country. The authors mentioned, from one case to another, the institutions where the pieces are located and where they were researched the pieces and described them considering the scientific norms of heraldry and recommendations of the former International Committee of Sigillography. The information presented included: their issue date, the persons that were decorated, the reasons of awarding them, sometimes the accompanying documents, the normative acts through which they were awarded, reproductions of the pieces, and the necessary bibliography.
    full article (pdf)

  19. Gabriel MOISA, Contribuţii la istoria Partidul Comunist din România interbelică. Organizaţia Judeţeană Bihor
    article language: Romanian, page 223

    Contributions to the History of the Communist Party of Romania in the Interwar Period. Bihor County Organization
    Abstract in:English

    Bihor County was one of the counties in which the communist activity was quite visible in the interwar period. The Communist organization here was, in many ways, the turning point of the Soviet capital infusion into the communist movement in Romania. Several important leaders of the Communist movement such as Eugen Rozvany, Breiner Béla or younger Szenkovitz Sándor (Alexandru Sencovici) and Mogyorós Sándor (Alexandru Moghioros) acted here. The Communist Party of Romania, the Bihor County Organization, was a political structure overwhelmingly dominated by the members of the Hungarian and Jewish communities. They made the law in the organization, and if someone disagreed with its conduct, it was quickly shot dead. This is also the case of Eugen Rozvany, who, when he had a different position from the local Communists in connection with the „self-determination of the peoples of imperial Romania”, he supported the idea of the Romanian national state, was unmasked out of the party momentarily whose fate was sealed.
    full article (pdf)

  20. Cristian CULICIU, Activitatea politico-ideologică a „oamenilor muncii” în Oradea (1970-1989). Contribuții documentare
    article language: Romanian, page 233

    The Political and Ideological Activity of the Working Class in Oradea Between 1970 and 1989. Documentary Contributions
    Abstract in:English

    The ”working class” represents the main human element of socialism. Any communist regime is based on a (wanna be) solid number of workers, as well as farmers. In communist Romania, education, at any forms, was ruled by ideology, so pupils, students and any whom participated in a form of education was to know and follow many sorts of propaganda. The working class followed, in that period, both literacy and propaganda courses. These kinds of courses were held at the ”Intercounty Party School” and in factories and institutions. Participation was mandatory for some of them, where political, historical and economical subjects were discussed.
    full article (pdf)

  21. Gabriel MOISA, Despre „beneficiile” regimului comunist în judeţul Bihor: supraveghere şi control
    article language: Romanian, page 245

    About the “Benefits” of the Communist Regime in Bihor County: Surveillance and Control
    Abstract in:English

    Under the conditions of the totalitarian state, Bihor, like the whole country, has always lived in a supervised space. In this respect, specific institutions have been created. The most important was the Securitate, which over time had several names and technical subordinations. On 28 August 1948, the Presidium of the Grand National Assembly adopted Decree no. 221 on the establishment and organization of the General Directorate of People’s Security. The decree was published in the Official Gazette on 30 August 1948. It is the birth certificate of the police state. The present paper records a phenomenon present throughout the country, the supervision and almost total control of the society. The examples provided here fully demonstrate this reality.
    full article (pdf)



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